Salzburg is the fourth largest city in central Austria and the capital city of the federal state of Salzburg.
The name Salzburg literally means “Salt Fortress”. This name comes from the barges carrying salt at the Salzach river, which were subject to a toll in the 8th century.
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Fast-flowing river Salzach divides the city in two parts, but several bridges link the two city sites. Earlier, through the history, ferries had a big role in transportation from one side to another. Today the number of bridges in the city limits is at a historic level, because there are about 12 of them. Some of the most important in architecture, traffic and history are: Hellbrunner Brücke (huge amount of traffic), Karolinenbrücke or Nonntaler Brücke (very heavy traffic), Mozartsteg (pedestrian bridge in Old Town), Staatsbrücke (most important bridge; built by the Nazi slave labourers) and Makarsteg (most interesting architecture).
Salzburg is known and famous as Mozart´s birthplace with its birth house located in the Old Town.
The Old Town of Salzburg has much more to offer than “just” the birth house of Mozart. It is one of the best preserved city centres worldwide. The famous baroque architecture and monuments made this town a popular travel destination, in winter and in summer. The Salzburg Dom Cathedral is probably the most important sacral architecture in the city, closely followed by the St. Blasius Church and The old monastery of Saint Peter. The Salzburg Residence is another example of architectural splendour in the heart of the Old Town. Getreidegasse is Salzburg´s famous shopping street. It got its charm by the tall, narrow, huddled-together buildings. Herbert-v-Karajan-Platz square is home of the splendour and beauty of the Pferdeschwemme horse watering station. Also don´t miss the Mozartplatz with the Mozart monument in the middle.
Through its history it is well known that Salzburg was ruled by prince-archbishops, who became rich through salt mines. This way Salzburg became an architectural gem with material and architect from Italy and other European countries. Compared to other Austrian cities, sacred monuments in Salzburg outnumber the few secular buildings. This way Salzburg got his nickname “the Rome of the north”.
Not all of the historical important architectures and monument are located in the Old Town of the city. There are many more delightful buildings, streets and squares which are worth to be explored. The most important of them is the Hohensalzburg, built in 1077. Then there is the famous Mönchsberg with castle hotel Mönchstein, the Cappucin Monastery (Kapunzinerkloster) at the Kapuzinerberg. The Mirabell Palace with its gardens is a magical place from where you have a great view to the Hohensalzburg.
As you can see Salzburg is worth a visit and you will need more than a day to explore it. Start your trip with our tour of Salzburg in 4K.
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